Dipping Poinsettia Cuttings to Reduce Whitefly 101: 2020 Edition

 

dipping cuttings

Dipping poinsettia cuttings to help lower Bemisia numbers was investigated and perfected by the Biocontrol Lab at the Vineland Research and Innovation Centre in Ontario.

Although we’ve been talking for years here in Canada about dipping your poinsettia cuttings in low-risk pesticides, some growers have yet to take the plunge.

This preventive technique improves efficacy of BOTH biocontrol and pesticide programs for Bemisia, since it lowers your starting pest pressure.

If you’re still unsure of how or when to apply cutting dips, check out the rest of this post.  

 

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Garden Mums – 2020 Production and Protection Tips

praying mantis on garden mumsThis post was contributed to by Drs. Sarah Jandricic and Chevonne Dayboll.

Summer is in full swing, and so too are garden mums!  Although generally an easy crop, there several tweaks you can make to help save headaches AND money.

This post has information to help you optimize your irrigation, fertilizer and pest management programs in garden mums.

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Preventing Issues in Your Spring Crops: Sanitation, Dips and Bio Tips.

P1010595With the holiday season over, it’s time to turn our attention to Spring bedding crops. Although here for a brief window, the diversity of these crops means you’re bound to encounter some sort of disease and insect problems.

One way you can head off issues is to plan and prepare now.  This post has important tips on sanitation for common spring crop diseases, dips and early sprays to prevent key pests, as well as tips on where to spend your biocontrol dollars.

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2019 Poinsettia Open House: Jordan, ON

poinsettia trials _pinks 2Once again, Focus Greenhouse Management and Jeffery’s Greenhouse are partnering to bring us the 2019 Poinsettia Open House!

There will be presentations on pest management in poinsettia, troubleshooting production issues as well as plant growth regular trials.  And, as always, there will be lots and lots of poinsettia varieties to look at!

Read on for more details including speakers and sales reps that will be present.

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Now’s the Time for Whitefly Prevention: Registered Products for Poinsettia Dips

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAHere in Canada, we’ve been talking for years about research on the highly effective method of dipping your poinsettia cuttings in low-risk pesticides to reduce starting whitefly populations

Thanks to Dr. Rose Buitenhuis (VRIC), Cary Gates (FCO) and BioWorks, the label for BotaniGard WP has now officially been expanded to include dip applications.  This now adds to our arsenal (see below for more dip products).

Read on for the current BotaniGard label and how dipping can help improve your Bemisia whitefly program this year, whether you’re using pesticides or biocontrol.

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Worried About Whitefly? Control Strategies in Poinsettia for 2018.

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Bemisia whitefly (Bemisia tabaca) adults on poinsettia.  In high pressure years, poinsettia plants can quickly become unsellable due to this pest.

The floriculture industry in Ontario seems to have mostly avoided heavy aphid AND thrips pressure this spring/summer.  But from everything I’ve been hearing, we are NOT going to be that lucky with whitefly on poinsettia this year.

 

This  post goes over preventative measures that should be taken as soon as cuttings come in the door, biocontrol programs for whitefly on poinsettia, and WHEN and WHAT to spray for this so you can avoid resistance issues.

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May IPM Refresher: Effectively Controlling Thrips in Mums

ChrysInProp3

IPM in potted mums can be challenging at times, but Ontario has lots of strategies for  thrips control in this crop.

New to a thrips biological control program for  chrysanthemums, or just need a refresher on the most effective strategies currently being used in the industry?  Then watching the Greenhouse Canada Webinar, “Tips for Thrips Control: From Propagation to Pocketbook” is a good place to start.

Keep reading for the webinar link and some chrsysanthemum IPM tips for 2018.

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Christmas in July: tips for controlling whitefly in poinsettia. (Hint – start now!).

BemisiaAdult5

Juvenile and adult Bemisia whitefly (Bemisia tabaci).  There are 2 biotypes of this pest (“B” and “Q”) which look identical; however, their response to chemicals is very different.

Poinsettias cuttings are here! Unfortunately, they will likely arrive with unwanted “presents” in tow.  This includes Bemisia whitefly, a pest that can be hard to control with natural enemies and can ALSO be resistant to pesticides.  So what’s a grower to do?  

By implementing some preventative measures RIGHT NOW, and understanding WHEN it’s appropriate to spray, you can help save yourself a lot of headaches later.

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Mealybugs…on poinsettia??

MB on stems

Citrus mealybug feeding on a flower stem.

Last year several consultants and I noticed something strange.  A number of greenhouses in Ontario had noticeable infestations of mealybug in their poinsettia crop.  This was the first time many in their 25+ year careers had seen this (e.g. see Mel Sawaya’s article in Greenhouse Canada Magazine).

It’s unclear yet if phenomenon will repeat itself this year (or perhaps affect even more operations), but growers should be on the lookout for this pest. Keep reading for more information about the potential cause of these mealybug infestations, and possible solutions.

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